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Vodka

Vodka is a spirit made by fermenting and distilling simple sugars obtained from grains such as rye, wheat or potatoes, beet-molasses, etc.  It's a very popular spirit in East Europe countries; with most of them coming from Russia, Scandinavian lands, Poland, among others. 

Fermenting

Most Vodka is produced from fermenting grains such as sorghum, corn, rye or wheat. Others are made from potatoes, molasses, soybeans, grapes, sugar beets, and in extreme cases from oil refining or wood pulp processing. 

Distilling and Filtering

During the distilling process, there are also a couple of procedures done by filtering  and by flavoring while it is in the still. Through many rounds of distillation, the taste of Vodka is improved and its clarity enhanced. 

Depending on the number of distillations and methods, the final spirit will have a high alcohol content, sometimes up to 96%. As such, most Vodka is then diluted with water prior to bottling. Depending on the source of the water, each Vodka will have its unique flavor and final alcohol content.

Vodka is distilled until it's almost totally pure alcohol, this separates a rye-based vodka for example from rye-whisky (whisky is only distilled down to its final alcohol content).

Alcohol (ABV):

35-50% (70 to 100 proof)

Types of Vodka

After distilled, Vodka tends to be very neutral, which lends to be blended with flavors and used as fortifying agent for other spirits such as: Port and Sherry. It's a very versatile spirit, hence the variety of cocktails that one can get with Vodka as ingredient. There are two main types:

Plain Vodka

Flavored Vodka