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Portuguese Wine

Winemaking in Portugal has a long tradition that represents the legacy of different civilizations such as  the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Greeks and Romans whose influence served to produce wine much earlier than the foundation of the country itself. 

Wine is made from vineyards planted from north to south in Portugal, a large variety of soils and climate, as well as grape varietals allow a great diversity of Portuguese wines produced with several methods which give them their traditional characteristics.

Portuguese wines that include Port, Madeira, and Vinho Verde are the most important icons in the industry due to their widespread distribution around the world.

Portuguese Grape Varietals

White Vine Varietals

The more important are: Alvarinho, Loureiro, Arinto, Encruzado, Bical, Fernão Pires, Moscatel and Malvasia Fina. 

Red Vine Varietals

The more important are: Touriga Nacional, Tinta Roriz (or Aragonês), Baga, Castelão, Touriga Franca and Trincadeira (or Tinta Amarela). 

Appellation System

The official designations are:

VQPRD Vinho de Qualidade Produzido em Região Demarcada, stands for Quality Wine Produced in a Specific Region (QWPSR).

D.O.C. Denominação de Origem Controlada, the most protected wine, indicates a specific vineyard, such as Port Wine, Vinhos Verdes, and Alentejo Wines. 

IPR Indicação de Proveniência Regulamentada, stands for Indication of Regulated Provenance and are those that can not be in a DOC region.

Vinho Regional stands for Regional Wine indicating also a specific region within Portugal.

Vinho de Mesa stands for Table Wines.

Fortified Wines

There are two fortified wine styles that represent Portugal around the world. These are:

Port

Madeira