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German Wine

The elaboration of wine in Germany dates back to Ancient Roman times, during their invasion to this country. The grapes were cultivated on upper Rhine using local varieties. Afterwards, legend says that Charlemagne might have brought viticulture to Eastern Germany, particularly to Rheingau. During Middle Age, churches and monasteries played an important role in the production of quality wine, which has been regulated and acquired its reputation for the sorts of grapes they use in the elaboration until present time. 

The taste of wine depends mostly on the region where the grapes are cultivated, and particularly on the soil where they grow. 

German Wine Categories

There are categories that include:

Tafelwein.- Equivalent to French Vin de Table or Table Wine, it must be produced exclusively from allowed German-grown grape varieties, region or sub-region must be indicated on the label, alcohol content must be at least 8.5% by volume, and a couple of other characteristics related with must and acidity. If it does not showed that it is a "Deutscher Tafelwein", then it can also be called Euroblend, a table wine made from grapes grown in different countries in Europe.

Landwein.- Equivalent to French Vin de Pays or Country Wine, it must come from one of the 19 Landwein regions, and wines must be dry: "trocken" or off-dry: "halbtrocken" in style. This term can also refer to fruit wines in Germany.

Qualitätswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete (QbA).-  Quality wine from a specific region, must be produced exclusively from allowed varieties in one of the 13 wine-growing regions, and this must be shown on the label. With an alcohol content of at least 7% by volume, this wine can range from dry to semi-sweet.

Qualitätswein mit Prädikat (QmP).- Quality has been renamed to Prädikatswein, this is the top level of the classification system, it range from dry to intensely sweet in character, sugar can not be added to fermented juice, and must be produced from allowed varieties in one of the 39 subregions of one of the 13 wine-growing regions, with an alcohol content of at least 7% by volume for Kabinett to Auslese, and 5.5% by volume for Beerenauslese, Eiswein and Trockenbeerenauslese.

The Prädikat

The great amount of grape varieties and conditions they grow in Germany made very important the fact of creating a system to regulate the different types of wines, this system is called The Prädikat system, which gave the designations and qualified most of the wines exported from Germany. 

Prädikat Designations